Underserved Populations Students are asked to explore a community to uncover the way in which the underserved population in that area are handled.
Module 1: Underserved Populations Students are asked to explore a community to uncover the way in which the underserved population in that area are handled. Research into heath disparities will uncover how nursing interventions can provide improved patient outcomes.
Module2: Mental Health Students will assess a community’s influence on the mental health status of its people. The services provided and the legislation in place will be compared to Healthy People 2030 national healthcare objectives.
Module3: Substance Use Disorder Students will research and explore personal opinions and feelings toward these vulnerable populations and learn about organizations available to help populations that suffer from these conditions.
Module 4: Violence and Abuse Students will assess how a community provides support for vulnerable populations with a focus on violence and abuse within the community of interest.
Module 5: School Health Healthcare for children can be a difficult topic. Providing healthcare in a school system becomes more challenging. Students will be asked to identify a school health issue and write a persuasive letter to a school official.
Module 6: End of Life End of life topics are very difficult to discuss. Many people have an image of how they see their life ending but have not made any plans. Students will be asked to explore end of life conversations and write a paper to discuss options for patients and roles of healthcare providers.
Module 7: Final Project The final project combines all vulnerable population issues within each community. Students will present the community and its effects on each population discussed in an essay format. The final assignment will be a collection of information from each module. The finished project will reflect a snapshot of a specific community with regards to vulnerable populations.
(250 points) Submission of Assignments Written assignments: All written assignments are to be word processed, font not smaller than 12 or larger than 14 and double-spaced. Written assignments are to be attached as Word Documents in APA format.
Once submitted, they will be analyzed for plagiarism via a program called “Turnitin.” This is not to be punitive but to be instructional.
It has been estimated that only 60% of the eligible USA population has been screened for CRC according to recommended guidelines. Efforts to increase compliance and screeningrecommendations should take into account the capacity to use various tests for screening and surveillance.
Healthy People 2020 sets national objectives for use of recommended screening tests and identifies the National Health Interview Survey as a means to measure this progress.
Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey indicated an overall CRC screening rate in the USA of 58.6% (2020 target is 70.5%), with significantly lower rates in blacks or Asians than whites.
Hispanics were less likely to report being up to date with screening than non-Hispanics. Colonoscopy rates have increased every year since the introduction of CRC screening, whereas test rates for other test modalities (FOBT, FS, barium enema) have steadily decreased.
A forecasting model using data from the U.S. Census Bureau and CDC survey previously indicated that capacity currently exists for widespread screening with the FOBT. A microsimulation model was used to simulate CRC screening use in the USA with FIT or colonoscopy and it estimated that colonoscopy capacity is sufficient to meet the goal of screening 80% of the eligible USA population with FIT, colonoscopy, or a mix of tests.
The capacity for screening FS or colonoscopy depends on the proportion of available capacity used for CRC screening. Surveillance colonoscopy needs to be used appropriately as the availability of endoscopic resources decreases.
A national survey of colorectal surveillance after polypectomy and other reports suggest that resources are being taxed by inappropriate surveillance practices that do not conform to current guidelines. Risk stratification will become increasingly necessary as resources become limited.
Alternative screening modalities such as CTC might reduce demand for endoscopic procedures when used to screen low-risk groups, but they will result in increased demand for persons trained in these techniques. The development of non-invasive testing modalities could increase compliance and reduce the need for screening colonoscopy if such tests were sensitive and specific.