Instructions: For this discussion, first read Chapter 9 in the textbook on biological perspective and watch the brief video, discussion Theories of Personality: Biological Theory.
For this discussion, first read Chapter 9 in the textbook on biological perspective and watch the brief video, discussion Theories of Personality:
More so, as you read the chapter and watch the video, consider what factors the biological perspective points to as influential in personality development.
Biological psychologists are interested in measuring biological, physiological, or genetic variables in an attempt to relate them to psychological or behavioural variables.
Because all behaviour is controlled by the central nervous system,
biological psychologists seek to understand how the brain functions in order to understand behaviour.
Also, key areas of focus include sensation and perception; motivated behaviour
(such as hunger, thirst, and sex); control of movement; learning and memory; sleep and biological rhythms; and emotion.
In addition, as technical sophistication leads to advancements in research methods, more advanced topics such as language, reasoning, decision making, and consciousness are now being studied.
More so, biological psychology has its roots in early structuralist and functionalist
psychological studies, and as with all of the major perspectives, it has relevance today.
In addition, in section 1.2, we discuss the history and development of functionalism and structuralism. In this chapter, we extend this discussion to include the theoretical and methodological aspects of these two approaches within the biological perspective and provide examples of relevant studies.
The early structural and functional psychologists believed that the study of conscious thoughts
would be the key to understanding the mind.
Also, their approaches to the study of the mind were based on systematic
and rigorous observation, laying the foundation for modern psychological experimentation.
Lastly, in terms of research focus, Wundt and Titchener explored topics such as attention span, reaction time