A nursing concept map for a child with bronchiolitis
Purpose of Assignment
The goal of creating a nursing concept map is to create a plan of care for a child with bronchiolitis. The nursing interventions would reflect the underlying respiratory syncytial virus with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) history.
Apply the foundations of pediatric nursing when caring for clients with health alterations.
You are working in a large urban pediatric clinic after-hours.
A mother brings her 6-month-old daughter, Vivi Mitchell, to the clinic for rhinorrhea, congestion, fever, and cough. Upon assessment, you identify the child has wheezing upon auscultation and on inspection, you identify retractions.
The child is in less than 10th percentile of weight and has a cardiac history of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA).
Born at 36 weeks gestation.
Mother states this child doesn’t go to day care but her two other children ages 2 and 3 do attend daycare.
T- 102.1 HR 140 RR 40 BP 83/58 Pulse ox 96%
A swab for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is positive.
Doctor orders – Nasal bulb suction and saline drops PRN, Tylenol 15mg/kg Q4 PRN for fever, Albuterol nebulizer in office and push po fluids as tolerated.
After the albuterol neb treatment, respirations are 36 and oxygen saturation is 100%. Wheezing has diminished. Mom is an ER nurse and the doctor feels comfortable that she has a nebulizer at home and can return to pediatric afterhours or ER if needed.
Client is discharged with these orders:
methylprednisolone 0.4 mg/kg oral BID for 3
Albuterol Q4 hours for 24 hours, then Q 6 hours for 24 hours, and Q6 as needed.
Call if needed prior to the Q4 dose.
Manage fever with Tylenol and continue hydration and nasal bulb suction Q6 while awake.
Return for re-evaluation in 3 days
Nursing concept mapping is a graphical tool for defining patient issues, organizing assessment results, selecting relevant diagnoses and procedures, and assessing outcomes. Nursing students can effectively and efficiently devise strategies using the services and tools of this concept map.
Nursing concept maps can be analyzed as the following four types:
Some of the most effective teaching methods are concept maps that help students accurately obtain the necessary details. A concept map is a method for learning that introduces people to learn meaningful problems.
Nursing concept maps are used as a way to incorporate theory and practice, case management, educational journals, and nursing students’ study techniques. The use of the concept map approach in nursing students has been described as enhancing the feeling of success, self-confidence, and the skills to build a critical thinking capacity.
Furthermore, it was found that nursing students can more effectively recognize subjects they do not know, understand the subject better, and have a positive impact on their academic achievements.