What ideas do you have for a potential corporate partner for a campaign influencing women to know the signs of a heart attack? Why is establishing the purpose of the evaluation the recommended first step in developing an evaluation plan?
What ideas do you have for a potential corporate partner for a campaign influencing women to know the signs of a heart attack?
2. Why is establishing the purpose of the evaluation the recommended first step in developing an evaluation plan?
3. Give an example of an actual or hypothetical randomized controlled trial, using the schematic presented in the chapter (see attached). Be sure to include the background of the campaign.
Heart attack symptoms can vary from person to person but the most common signs of a heart attack are:
Other less common symptoms include:
If you think you’re having a heart attack, call 999 for an ambulance immediately.
Women may be less likely to seek medical attention and treatment quickly, despite the warning signs. This can dramatically reduce your chance of survival.
Rapid treatment is essential, and the aim is to restore blood flow to the affected part of the heart muscle as soon as possible. This helps to limit the amount of damage to the heart.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) kills more than twice as many women as breast cancer in the UK every year, and is the single biggest killer of women worldwide. Despite this, it’s often considered a man’s disease.
There are more than 800,000 women in the UK living with CHD, which is the main cause of heart attacks. 35,000 women are admitted to hospital following a heart attack each year in the UK – an average of 98 women per day, or 4 per hour.
As a woman, your hormones might give you some protection from CHD in your pre-menopause years. Post menopause, your risk rises and continues to rise as you get older.
As you get older it is increasingly important to be aware of the risk factors that can affect your risk of developing CHD. The more risk factors you have, the higher your risk. Risk factors include:
Identifying and managing risk factors early on could help lower your risk of a heart attack in the future.
We recommend that all women over the age of 40 visit their local GP or nurse for a health check to check their cardiovascular risk. If you’re aged 40–74 and living in England, you can ask for an NHS health check. Similar schemes are also available in other parts of the UK.
Your doctor should invite you to review your risk every five years, but you can also just make an appointment yourself to check your blood pressure and cholesterol. This check might help to highlight anything that could put you at increased risk of having a heart attack.
If you have a family history of heart or circulatory disease make sure you tell your doctor or nurse. You’re considered to have a family history of heart or circulatory disease if: