Psychological disorders and treatments. The purpose of the module 4 paper is to test your knowledge of psychological disorders and treatments, which chapters 12-14 cover.
Read the case scenario, pretend you are a therapist, and the client comes into your office. Taking the information from the case into consideration, how would you diagnose your client? What symptoms are present that support your diagnosis? Once you have your diagnosis, which therapy would you use to treat him? Chapter 14 discussed different therapies, and you may want to do some additional research. Once you have picked a therapy (i.e., Solution-focused therapy, Cognitive behavior therapy, Person-centered therapy), which interventions (i.e., journaling, thought stopping the process, active listening) would you use from that therapy? How would you use the inventions to help your client? Would you recommend medications? Why or Why not?
The paper should be 2-3 pages long, not including the title page and reference page. You should use peer-reviewed journal articles or scholarly books for the research. DO NOT USE WEBSITES. Use APA format when writing the paper.
This essay should NOT be submitted in a PDF file, notes or pages. Please submit in a word document ONLY. You also do not have to include an abstract in the paper.
Scenario: Jaden Macmillan was a 20-year old African American who was brought to the emergency room (ER)by campus police of his university. He refused to leave a classroom after randomly walking into a lecture hall and shouting to audience.
His sister said that he had quit seeing his friends and spent most of his time lying in the bed staring at the ceiling. She also explained that she repeatedly saw him mumbling quietly to himself and noted that he would sometimes, at night, stand on the roof of their home and wave his arm as if he were “conducting a symphony.” Mr. Macmillan defended himself by saying that he felt liberated and in tune with the music when he was on the roof.
During the prior several months, Mr. Macmillan had become increasingly preoccupied with a female friend, Anne, who lived down the street. While he insisted to his family that they were engaged. Anne told Mr. Macmillan’s sister that they had hardly ever spoken and certainly were not dating.
On examination in the ER, Mr. Macmillan became enraged when the staff brought him dinner. He loudly insisted that all the hospital’s food was poisoned and that he would only drink a specific type of bottled water.
Ultimately, Mr. Macmillan agreed to sign himself into the psychiatric unit, stating, “I don’t mind staying here. Anne will probably be there, so I can spend my time with her.”
Psychological disorders can be related to depression, anxiety, stress, psychosis, sleep, and more. They can vary in severity and affect people differently.According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, 1 in 5 adults in the United States experience a mental health condition each year.
If you think that you might have a psychological disorder, you are not alone. Many people with psychological conditions can recover, especially if they begin treatment early and play an active role in their recovery.
Below are the signs, symptoms, and treatments associated with some common psychological disorders.
Symptoms of depression can include:
If you have a combination of any of these symptoms and they have lasted for longer than 2 weeks, you should seek treatment from a doctor.
Other forms of depression can stem from unique circumstances, including:
Learn about treatments for depression here.
The symptoms of bipolar disorder can include depressive episodes and mania. Mania may involve manic or hypomanic episodes. For example:
There are three types of bipolar disorder:
|Bipolar I disorder||Manic episodes may last for at least 1 week. They usually occur along with major depressive episodes typically lasting for up to 2 weeks. Most people with bipolar I disorder will also experience times of neutral moods.|
|Bipolar II disorder||This can involve a pattern of hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes, usually with less severe symptoms than with bipolar I disorder.|
|Cyclothymic disorder||This milder form of bipolar disorder still involves periods of hypomania and depressive symptoms but is much less severe than bipolar I or II disorder.|
Treatments for bipolar disorder include medications and psychotherapy. Doctors generally recommend a combination of the two.