Firms in New Jersey which specialize in lobbying in Trenton. Based on Internet research which you do, determine the major firms in New Jersey which specialize in lobbying in Trenton.
Provide the names of those firms and their address(es). Then, describe their spending on lobbying (including their clients, expenditures and issues about which they were concerned). Include in your answer all your sources. One source you can use is the New Jersey State’s ELEC webpage.
If an individual qualifies as a “lobbyist” or an activity counts as “lobbying” based on the definitions of these terms, a whole host of laws may come into effect. Registration, disclosures, gift restrictions and prohibitions – all of these and more depend on the definitions of lobbying and lobbyist.
States generally define lobbying as an attempt to influence government action through either written or oral communication. However, each state may have unique elements for what constitutes lobbying, exceptions to the definitions, and exceptions to those exceptions.
Lobbyists are not simply individuals who engage in lobbying. As an example of one common exception, a legislator attempting to gather support for a bill through the normal course of legislative operations would not be considered a lobbyist. A constituent making a call to a policymaker regarding a matter of personal concern would similarly be exempt.
The definition of a lobbyist typically revolves around lobbying on behalf of another for compensation. Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Michigan, Texas, Wyoming and New York stipulate compensation thresholds, so that an individual is required to register only after receiving a certain amount of compensation.
In New Jersey
“Lobbyist” means any person or organization that uses the services of any governmental affairs agent to influence legislation, regulation or governmental processes. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 52:13C-20.
“Governmental affairs agent” means any person who receives or agrees to receive anything of value including reimbursement of his expenses where such reimbursement exceeds $100.00 in any three-month period, to influence legislation, to influence regulation or to influence governmental processes, or all of the above, by communication with, or by any expenditures providing a benefit to, a member of the Legislature, legislative staff, the Governor,
the Lieutenant Governor, the Governor’s staff, or any officer or staff member of the Executive Branch, or who holds himself out as engaging in the business of influencing legislation, regulation or governmental processes, or who incident to his regular employment engages in influencing legislation, regulation or governmental processes, by such means. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 52:13C-20.
A person shall not be deemed a governmental affairs agent who, in relation to the duties or interests of his employment or at the request or suggestion of his employer, communicates with a member of the Legislature, with legislative staff, with the Governor, with the Lieutenant Governor, with the Governor’s staff, or with an officer or staff member of the Executive Branch concerning any legislation, regulation or governmental process, if such communication is an isolated, exceptional or infrequent activity in relation to the usual duties of his employment. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 52:13C-20.