Write a research paper about anxiety and depression disorders among Vietnamese Community. Please use basic grammar to easily understand and avoid plagiarism.
Write a research paper about anxiety and depression disorders among Vietnamese Community
Please use basic grammar to easily understand and avoid plagiarism.
Topic: Anxiety and depression disorders among Vietnamese Community aged 30-55 years old in Bay Area, California
Part 1 (3-page max): Public health issue and community, follow the instruction in the file that I attach. ( at least three sources for this part)
Part 2 (2-page max): Community health promotion strategy, previous strategy/ program/intervention. ( at least two sources for this part)
Part 3: ( 2 page max): community health promotion approach. Follow the instructions.
References: use APA 7
We aimed to examine mental health status and related factors among Vietnamese immigrants in Japan during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic using data from an online cross-sectional survey administered from September 21 to October 21, 2021. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scores were considered the main outcome measures.
Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors related to symptoms of depression and anxiety, and the chosen variables were entered simultaneously in the survey. Among 621 participants (age: 26.0±4.8 years; male: 347 [55.9%]) who completed the questionnaire, 73.7% reported a decrease in income when compared with the period before the COVID-19 pandemic, and 60.4% reported being recently affected by poor socioeconomic status.
Moderate-to-severe symptoms of depression (PHQ-9 score ≥10 points) and mild-to-severe symptoms of anxiety (GAD-7 ≥5 points) were observed in 247 (39.8%) and 285 (45.9%) individuals, respectively. Factors related to depressive symptoms were being single (odds ratio [OR]=1.76, p=0.042), medical or psychiatric co-morbidity (OR=2.15, p<0.001), and low socioeconomic status (OR=2.06, p<0.001).
Factors related to anxiety symptoms were being single (OR=1.72, p=0.044), medical or psychiatric co-morbidity (OR=2.52, p<0.001), low socioeconomic status (OR=2.72, p<0.001), and absence of a partner with whom to discuss one’s health (OR=1.66, p=0.013).
The current findings demonstrate that, when compared with Japanese citizens, Vietnamese immigrants experienced a decrease in income, worsening working conditions, and poor mental health status during the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings highlight the potential contribution of low socioeconomic status and social isolation to poor mental health status.
The number of foreign residents in Japan has continued to increase annually, totaling approximately 2,830,000 as of June 2021. Specifically, there has been a rapid increase in the number of Vietnamese immigrants, the population of which has increased from 10,000 in 1990 to 450,000 in 2021.
The Immigration Services Agency of Japan (2021a) recently reported that the country includes the second-largest number of Vietnamese immigrants after China, which can be attributed in part to the Technical Intern and Training Program adopted in Japan in 1993. Additionally, in 2008, Japan introduced the 300,000 International Students Plan supervised by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, which has improved the acceptance system utilized by Japanese universities and other institutions.
However, Vietnamese residents in Japan face stress at work and in other activities due to socio-cultural differences (Kiyofuji, 2021).
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a severe impact on health and society worldwide. In Japan, approximately 17 million people have been infected with COVID-19, resulting in approximately 18,000 deaths by December 2021 (Ministry of Health &Welfare, 2022).
The pandemic has also affected the lives of Vietnamese immigrants living in Japan, who already hold a marginalized and precarious position, by reducing working hours and increasing layoffs.
Furthermore, temporary restrictions on returning to Vietnam may have significantly affected mental health among immigrants.
In January 2021, the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare provided emergency assistance to foreign residents exhibiting need in Japan, including facilitating early return to Vietnam and providing economic support (Ministry of Health &Welfare, 2021a).
Studies conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic have recently reported mental health crises among immigrants in the US (Galletly et al., 2021), Canada (Canada, 2020), Europe (Spiritus-Beerden et al., 2021), India (Choudhari, 2020), and South Korea (Acharya et al., 2021). However, the mental health status of immigrants in Japan during the COVID-19 epidemic remains unclear.
Students from China have reported anxiety regarding COVID-19 prevention in Japan (Teng and Takemoto, 2022), and approximately 70% of Chinese immigrants have expressed concerns regarding COVID-19 infection (Hu and Umeda, 2021). Vietnamese immigrants in Japan may have similar concerns regarding COVID-19.